Explanation of Short Stack
Cash game players typically rebuy when they drop below 100bb. Any stack-size below that can hence be described as a “short stack”. The term is mostly commonly used for stack sizes below 50bb however since the term “mid stack’ may sometimes be used to describe stack sizes between 50bb and 99bb.
Historically, short stack strategy in cash games involves players buying in (and rebuying) for 20bb. After many online networks decided to increase the minimum allowed buyin amount to 40bb the new short stack strategy involved buying in for 40bb. Although short stack strategy is not as prevalent as it was a number of years back, players consistently rebuying to 40bb can be seen at the online tables.
There is a difference between professional short stackers (players who buy in shallow as a strategy) and recreational players who end up short stacked after losing a number of chips from their original stack size.
Example of Short Stack used in a sentence -> Make sure to steal a tighter range on the button if the players in the blinds have short stacks.
How to Use Short Stack as Part of Your Poker Strategy
The basic component of short stack strategy is that it is necessary to stack off significantly wider both preflop and postflop than it would be if we had a full stack (100bb+). Short stackers generally look to take advantage of the fact that many full stack players don’t understand how to adjust correctly to different effective stacks.
While playing with short stacks in cash games is less common, understanding how to play short in tournaments is crucial. In the majority of poker tournaments, entrants will find themselves with less than 20bb at some point or another. When playing short stacked, most of the important decisions happen on the preflop and flop since there are often not enough chips to make turn and river decisions.